What is Science about?

Science is a way of investigating, understanding and explaining our Natural, Physical and Chemical World, and Planet Earth & Beyond.

It involves generating and testing ideas, gathering evidence, making observations and presenting conclusions in a variety of formats.


Why do we study Science?

The aim of Science learning is to enable students to understand the world around them and make informed decisions about contemporary issues such as global warming, genetic engineering and nuclear energy use.

Learning in Science helps to develop literacy and numeracy skills that students have learned in English and Mathematics.

Within Science the following subjects are offered:


In this subject students will learn about the Living World, Chemical World, Physical World, and Planet Earth & Beyond within the following topics:

Introduction to Science
Students learn how to safely use scientific equipment and develop observation and reporting skills.

Living Communities
Students learn the differences between plants and animals and how they interact with each other and their environment. Students also learn to use microscopes.

Mixtures & Separating
Students learn about different types of mixtures and use their knowledge to separate these in a series of practical lessons.

Atoms & Elements
Students learn about the structure of atoms and common elements from the periodic table.

Acids & Bases
Students learn the different properties of acids and bases, their uses, and everyday examples.

Heat & Gases
Students learn how heat is transferred and apply this to home heating, insulation & weather. Students will also work in groups to make and fly hot air balloons.

Students learn about our solar system (planets, stars, sun, moon) and how these interact to create day and night, seasons, tides, and eclipses.

Students learn about light sources, mirrors and lenses, colour, and how our eye detects light.

Students learn about the different types of energy and how these are changed from one form to another so we can use them.


In this subject students will learn about the Living World, Chemical World, Physical World, and Planet Earth & Beyond within the following topics:

Students learn about how plants grow, make food using sunlight, and spread using flowers and seeds.

Human Systems
Students learn about our five senses plus our digestive, circulation, and breathing systems, and how our skeleton and muscles function.

Students learn about different types of electrical circuits and components, plus the use of batteries and mains electricity in appliances within the home.

Students learn about the different types of forces and what happens when they are balanced or unbalanced.

Acids & Bases
Students learn the different properties of acids and bases, their uses, and everyday examples. Students also learn to write formula and equations for chemical reactions.

Earth Science
Students learn about the structure of Earth, earthquakes and volcanoes, erosion and the rock cycle.

Human Reproduction
Students learn the biology of our reproductive system and how genes are passed on within populations. Students also investigate the issue of genetic modification to produce new organisms.


Level 1 Science

Science is about people exploring and investigating their biological, chemical, physical and technological worlds and making sense of them in logical and creative ways.

This course will enable students to get a good grounding for the study of Science subjects at Level 2 & Level 3 (Physics, Chemistry and Biology). Topics include Genetics, Health and Disease, Physics, Electricity and Chemistry. Within each topic, opportunities exist to build the skills of information gathering, processing, interpreting and reporting.

This course leads to Level 2 Chemistry, Physics and Biology, providing the required credits are met.



Chemistry helps us to understand the world around us
Chemistry enables us to understand the properties of different materials and to transform materials into new and useful substances. Through chemistry, we can understand changes that we observe in the natural and physical world. Chemistry gives us understandings on which to base educated choices about consumer products and management of resources.

Chemistry solves problems
Chemistry enables us to develop a range of useful materials such as pharmaceuticals for curing and treating diseases, substances that protect the environment, technologically advanced structures for building, and materials that can be used as alternative energy sources. Chemistry is fundamental to understanding climate change and wise use of the world’s energy and water resources.

Learning in chemistry opens up career opportunities
Some chemists work in laboratories designing new materials that are used in products such as medicines, food and beverage flavourings, superconductors, and vaccines. Studying chemistry also provides excellent training for a wide range of careers including marketing and project management, environmental science and forensic science. Employers value the skills of numeracy, problem solving, and communication that are integral to all study in chemistry.

Level 2 Chemistry

This course is the first serious study of Chemistry. It covers:
♦ inorganic and organic substances and their reactions
♦ atomic structure and bonding analysis – ways of finding what is present and how much is present, types of reactions, properties of reactions, how fast energy changes and completeness of reactions.

Level 3 Chemistry
This course builds on Level 2 work to the extent that it is difficult to make good progress at Level 3 if you have not taken Level 2 Chemistry. Topics of Level 2 are extended with an emphasis on energy changes, aqueous (water) solution chemistry, types of reactions, atomic structure and bonding, organic and inorganic substances.


Level 2 Physics

Topics include:
Mechanics – Measuring forces and vehicle motion. Navigation of aircraft. Calculating Energy and power.
Light – Reflection of light by curved mirrors. Lenses – their use in cameras and binoculars. Using water waves to simulate light waves.
Static Electricity – How objects can be charged up electrically – the application in photocopying machines. Lightning. Forces between charged particles.
Electricity – Wiring up circuits, measuring voltage and current. Basic understanding of how a television works.
Electromagnetism – Electric motors, generators and transformers – how they work. Basic theory of how radio waves are generated.

Level 3 Physics

Topics include:
Mechanics- The analysis of motion, cars on banked corners, satellites, karate, vibrational motion of swings and singers breaking glasses.
Wave Motion – Musical Instruments, compact disc optics, blooming of lenses.
Electromagnetism – Tuning circuits for radios. Generation of high voltages for spark plugs and shocking coils. Nuclear Physics – Nuclear fission and fusion. Photoelectric effect. Emission and absorption spectra.


Level 2 Biology

The traditional view of Biology is that it studies the structure of plants and animals through observation of individual organisms and dissections. However, this course is also concerned with:
a) Ecology – the relationship of organisms to the things around them
b) Behaviour of these organisms
c) Genetics and Evolution
d) Cell Biology including microscope assessment and some introductory Biochemistry The course includes experiments and there is at least one field trip per year.

Level 3 Biology

This course will cover:
• How animals and plants respond to changes in their environment.
• Mechanisms and evidence for changes in species over time (evolution).
• Evidence of biological and cultural changes to humans over time.
• How humans maintain constant internal conditions such as body temperature.
• A practical investigation on how plants are affected by changes to their environment.

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